Display technology and its evolution is remarkably revolutionary. A display for a computer system is one of the crucial part. How this technology has evolved over time is just mind blowing!
The growth of the size of a monitor and the development of its associated technology is something people dreamed of when the computer was just making a buzz in the industry. With this ever growing technology it is best if we know the latest display technology coming in and keep ourselves up-to-date and this is specially true for the tech people since they will be dealing with their potential clients making suggestions and help them pick out the best from the industry based on the budget range of course.
The following elements are the topics you want to keep your eyes out for.
Many of us have seen the changes in the display technology from CRT, LCD to LED and its variants and of course, it did not stop there and the research for better and other convenient feature-packed display technology has always been carried out. As a result a new emerging technology is coming out which is the MicroLED also known as micro-LED, mLED etc.
Although, the research did not just started couple of years back from now but goes back as much as early 2000 by a research group in Texas Tech university. Although this is not massively produced and replaced the LED panels but assuming it will in time.
What makes this panel better over others is better energy efficiency, brightness, contrast, lower latency, self-illumination and response time. Quite a bunch of big shots in the display technology industry like Sony, Samsung and Apple is already working on bringing this technology out.
In an convention held by Samsung in 2018, they showed off their 146-inch microLED television prototype and made quite a buzz. They also had some exemplary components around the hall where they explained this new technology such as how a LED display works with their internal components dissected out like LED panels, reflector, diffuser plate as well as two distinct glass box inside which they showed off the visible distinction between an LED and microLED panel under a microscope.
MicorLED has panel with tiny micro LEDs which emit their own RGB (red, green and blue) lights, which eventually forms the color of pictures we see. One of the major convenient feature we get with this is, microLED eliminates the trouble with off angle viewing that conventional LED had. While this is a good news for bunch of family and friends time but certainly not a good one for people strict about their privacy.
With this we can easily assume that microLED maybe the next big thing that is going to turn the wheel for the whole display technology.
High Dynamic Range
A typical pair of human eyes can see wide and surprising variety of colors, luminance, contrast etc. With this interest, scientists came in to research what people see and defined the visual variety into a graphs known as chromaticity diagrams or typically color spaces.
Computers generally display fraction of what people usually see in real time and therefore are able to produce limited color spaces. If colors spaces among devices are matched, some consistency in color output is apparent. Several standards are defined for the color space for the IT industry. Among them sRGB is long been the standard of how display should produce their images.
Dynamic range of a monitor displays reflects the amount of detail as possible in the picture between the pure B&W (black and white). When you witness the sunrise or sunset, which is the time when the dynamic range is more apparent than any other time of the day. That vibrant sunlit clouds and spectrum of colors, contrast and long deep shadows in the trees, are the primary example of the dynamic range of dynamic range.
The standard 8-bit panel generally uses Standard Dynamic Range (SDR) and that is quite good enough for computing need ranges from movies to games to general productivity applications. That is good enough to blindly bind us into it but your eyes open up to whole new range when you come across a 10-bit panel running a whooping High Dynamic Range (HDR). The visible nitty-gritty of the images, textures, shading immediately captures you to the next level of display experience. Next time you go to a store, make a stop and look for SDR and HDR and try to capture the difference. It will not take much time to see the distinction unless you have some conditional hold back.